26 December 2019
Last Update: 2019-12-26 00:00:00
Vol.10,No.73,26thDecember2019

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 Vol.10,No.73,26thDecember2019/

Poh(Amavas),Nanak Shahi 551.

. Message of the Day .

Major part of the earth has been covered by forests where there is no dearth of eatables. All animals, birds, insects, including man himself, have been filling their bellies with self grown food from the beginning of life on this part of the universe. After learning and developing art of farming, man has increased  the quantity and quality of food stuffs as soil of the earth has the unique capability to multiply a seed thousand times to produce more and more. Different places of the earth are blessed with different types of soil to produce different commodities. Techniques of cultivation are merely attempts to explore the blessing of nature to get eatables in more quantity and better quality. Unfortunately, business has also in filtered in the growth of food stuffs. Various types of manure are being added to the soil in the fields to increase its fertility and pesticides sprayed to save the crop from harmful insects. Greed of more production to earn maximum profit has resulted in huge increase in production at the cost of the quality. Use of chemicals has resulted, in most of the cases, in the addition of poisonous element in the products thus produced. Food should never be a commodity meant for earning profits.

 .History of Mankind-64 .

Earlier evidence from sequencing mitochondrial DNA suggested that no significant gene flow occurred between H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens, and that the two were separate species that shared a common ancestor about 660,000 years ago. However, a sequencing of the Neanderthal genome in 2010 indicated that Neanderthals did indeed interbreed with anatomically modern humans circa 45,000 to 80,000 years ago (at the approximate time that modern humans migrated out from Africa, but before they dispersed into Europe, Asia and elsewhere). The genetic sequencing of a human from Romania dated 40,000 years ago showed that 11% of their genome was Neanderthal. This would indicate that this individual had a Neanderthal great grandparent, 4 generations previously. It seems that this individual has left no living descendants.

Nearly all modern non-African humans have 1% to 4% of their DNA derived from Neanderthal DNA and this finding is consistent with recent studies indicating that the divergence of some human alleles dates to one Ma, although the interpretation of these studies has been questioned. Neanderthals and Homo sapiens could have co-existed in Europe for as long as 10,000 years, during which human populations exploded vastly outnumbering Neanderthals, possibly outcompeting them by sheer numerical strength.

Historical . 

Significant Event of 26th December. ..

1865 - The coffee percolator was patented by James H. Mason.

1871 - The "Gods Grown Old" was performed for the first time. It ran for 64 shows.

1898 - Marie and Pierre Curie discovered radium.

1908 - Texan boxer "Galveston Jack" Johnson knocked out Tommy Burns in Sydney, Australia, to become the first black boxer to win the world heavyweight title.

1917 - During World War I, the 
U.S. government took over operation of the nation's railroads.

1921 - The Catholic Irish Free State became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain.

1927 - The East-West Shrine football game featured numbers on both the front and back of players’ jerseys.

1941 - Winston Churchill became the first British prime minister to address a joint meeting of the 
U.S. Congress.

1941 - U.S. President Roosevelt signed a resolution that set the a fixed-date, the fourth Thursday of November, for the Federal Thanksgiving Day holiday.

1943 - The German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was sunk in the North Sea, during the Battle of North Cape.

1944 - Tennessee Williams' play "The Glass Menagerie" was first performed publicly, at the Civic Theatre in Chicago, 
IL.

1947 - Heavy snow blanketed the Northeast United States, burying New York City under 25.8 inches of snow in 16 hours. The severe weather was blamed for about 80 deaths.

1953 - "Big Sister" was heard for the last time on CBS Radio. The show ran for 17 years.

1954 - "The Shadow" aired on radio for the last time.

1956 - Fidel Castro attempted a secret landing in Cuba to overthrow the Batista regime. All but 11 of his supporters were killed.

1959 - The first charity walk took place, along Icknield Way, in aid of the World Refugee Fund.

1974 - Comedian Jack Benny died at age 80.

1982 - The Man of the Year in 
"TIME" magazine was a computer. It was the first time a non-human received the honors.

1986 - Doug Jarvis, age 31, set a 
National Hockey League (NHL) record as he skated in his 916th consecutive game. Jarvis eventually set the individual record for most consecutive games played with 964.

1986 - "Search for Tomorrow" was seen for the last time on CBS-TV. The show had been on the air for 35-years.

1990 - Garry Kasparov beat Anatoly Karpov to retain the chess championship.

1991 - The Soviet Union's parliament formally voted the country out of existence.

1995 - Israel turned dozens of West Bank villages over to the Palestinian Authority.

1996 - Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenet Ramsey was found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, 
CO.

1998 - Iraq announced that it would fire on 
U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the skies over northern and southern Iraq.

1999 - Alfonso Portillo, a populist lawyer, won Guatemala's first peacetime presidential elections in 40 years.

2000 - Michael McDermott, age 42, opened fire at his place of employment killing seven people. McDermott had no criminal history.

2002 - The first cloned human baby was born. The announcement was made the December 27 by Clonaid.

2004 - Under the Indian Ocean, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake sent 500-mph waves across the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. The tsunami killed at least 283,000 people in a dozen countries, including Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Sumatra, Thailand and India.

Impact of 2004 Tsunami 

Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless. However, less reported, albeit real, is its impact in the islands of the Indian Ocean more than 1,000 miles away from its epicenter. This is the first peer-reviewed paper on the 2004 tsunami events specifically in the eleven nations bordering the Indian Ocean, as they constitute a region at risk, due to the presence of tectonic interactive plate, absence of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean, and lack established communication network providing timely information to that region. Our paper has a dual objective: the first objective is to report the 2004 tsunami event in relation to the 11 nations bordering the Indian Ocean. The second one is to elaborate on lessons learned from it from national, regional, and international disaster management programs to prevent such devastating consequences of tsunami from occurring again in the future.

Tsunami is a series of ocean waves typically caused by large undersea earthquakes or volcano eruptions at tectonic plate boundaries. These surges of water may reach 100 feet and cause widespread destruction when they crash ashore. They race across the sea at a speed up to 500 miles per hour and cross the entire Pacific Ocean in less than one day. Their long wavelength means that they lose very little energy along the way.

Tsunami of December 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most infamous tsunami of modern times with disastrous consequences in many areas [1](i)humanitarian toll: it affected more than 18 countries from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day and leaving more than one million homeless,(ii)economic toll: it left several million of dollars of economic loss affecting fishing and tourist industries,(iii)environmental and medical threats including water pollution and flooding and endemic diseases.

The rationale for writing this paper is to report the tsunami events in the eleven nations bordering the Indian Ocean, as they received less publicity than their Southeast Asian countries counterpart although the 2004 tsunami had real humanitarian, economic, and environmental impact in these regions more than 1,000 miles away from the epicenter [2].

Furthermore, these regions are at risk from the devastating effects of future tsunami due to the presence of a tectonic interactive plate [3], absence of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean, and lack of established communication network providing timely information to that region.

These eleven countries bordering the Indian Ocean are Mauritius, Madagascar, Reunion Island, and Seychelles, Comoros islands and by geographical extension include countries in southern borders of Africa such as Somalia, Tanzania, Mozambique, and South Africa.

These individual countries suffered humanitarian loss with more than 3,000 people killed and left more than 10,000 homeless about 1,000 miles away from epicenter. In terms of economic toll, several million dollars were reported accompanied by environmental threat due to flooding.

Specifically included is a country by country report] with other south-Asian countries.

(i) Mauritius
Large waves completely submerged one village in north of the island. Although there was no death published, a significant economic loss in millions of dollars was reported.

(ii) Madagascar
Waves up to 10 meters were seen in southeastern region of the island. There was one death and more than 1,000 people homeless. Furthermore, there were considerable economic damages inflicted in touristic and fishing industries and infrastructure disruptions due to flooding and beach erosion

(iii) Reunion Island
It suffered mostly economic damages over one million dollars involving fishing industries with more than 200 boats sunk. No deaths were reported.

(iv) Seychelles

Ten people were reported killed, and flooding destroyed a major bridge between the capital Port Victoria and main airport. Also, the island reported devastating economic loss in millions of dollars due to hotels, housing, public utilities, and fishing damages.

(v) Somalia
More than 300 deaths were reported and 5,000 displaced.

(vi) Tanzania
Tsunami killed ten people with unknown number missing along with significant economic damages.

(vii) Kenya
Two deaths and two injured people were reported.

(viii) South Africa
8 people were killed about 8,000 km away from the epicenter.

(ix) Indonesia
122,232 deaths and 113,937 missing.

(x) Shri Lanka
30,974 killed and 4,698 missing.

(xi) Thailand
5,395 killed and 2,993 missing.

(xii) Maldives

82 deaths and 26 missing.

(xiii) Malaysia
68 deaths reported.

(xiv) Myanmar
59 killed.

(xv) Bangladesh
2 killed.

(xvi) Burma
90 killed.

The main challenge for all the islands of the Indian Ocean is to coordinate all the national efforts with existing regional and international endeavors to meet their stated priorities before the next tsunami events.

The role of one special group of physicians should be mentioned at all these levels.

Emergency physicians are knowledgeable on the risks of tsunami and are trained in the field of disaster management, thus they are true expert. They should get involve as leaders in local, national, and international organizations as resources in disaster management as well as humanitarian institutions such as Red Cross.

This paper is the first peer-reviewed paper on the impact of the 2004 tsunami on the islands bordering the Indian Ocean and the lessons learned from this event from national, regional, and international organizations to prevent such events from occurring again in the future.

Tsunami is an ever-present and real threat for the these islands of the Indian Ocean due to the presence of a tectonic interactive plate.

Their disaster management priority is the development of an early tsunami warning system in order to effectively and timely communicate with all the people in that region.

Disaster management should involve national, regional, and international organizations at all levels in order to develop tsunami program, fund tsunami projects, and continue research program.

  News & Views .

Indian Movie Maker’s

Dramic Discovery

A person who spent his childhood in India, has scant memories of the period, except for a recurring nightmare of a Sikh classmate fleeing down his street away from certain slaughter.

The incident took place when the British partitioned India in 1947 and the multi-cultural population disintegrated into a killing frenzy.

After a 65-year search the Sikh boy has found his saviour, Anthony (Tony) Bliss, who was aged 10 at the time and let him and his family into the safety of the Bliss family home in Quetta, Balochistan, now Pakistan.

These days Mr Bliss lives in Somerville, Howick.

The boy was Harbhajan Singh, who studied with Mr Bliss at St Francis Grammar School in Quetta. He now resides in New York, under the name of Mickey Nivelli, and has earned a worldwide reputation for making movies, particularly pioneering the West Indian film industry.

Mr Bliss’ father Charles was senior registrar at Quetta’s Civil Hospital when the violent dissolution of the Indian Empire into the new states of India and Pakistan took place.

“School was closed and I was at home, sitting in my favourite tree,” Mr Bliss says. “It was the only place to see what fighting was happening down in the town.

“It was pure luck I was sitting in the tree, because I saw Harbhajan running down the road with his family behind him. I jumped down to let them in and got into trouble for it.”

The family’s bearer, ayah (nursemaid) and another manservant were Hindus who objected to the Sikh family coming in.

“Mother and father gave me a dressing down for letting them in. But what could I do? They were screaming at me to help and I couldn’t do anything else.”

Later that night, Surgeon Bliss took the Singh family across the road to the hospital, which was neutral territory and they were kept safe.

“I have recurring nightmares of him running down the street,” Mr Bliss says.

“Every day from then on there was no school, so I was sent into the hospital. I used to watch queues of people going in to be repaired, one person carrying his right arm to be stitched back on, and the chief of police coming in with an axe still buried in his face.”

Surgeon Bliss was in the Indian Army Medical Corps and his son was born there in 1937. He sent the family back to the UK when World War II broke out in 1939, but they returned to India in 1945.

After partitioning in 1947, the family left India for Samoa and came to New Zealand in 1949.

Mr Bliss was educated at Timaru Boys’ High School, then King’s College in Auckland, where he remained to study mechanical engineering at Auckland University and pursue his career.

Meanwhile, after many months of hunger, horrors and homelessness, the Singh family escaped to India from the newly-established Pakistan.

Harbhajan grew up to pursue a movie career in Bollywood, changing his name to Harbance Kumar. For some time he managed India’s iconic movie stars, Sunil and Nargis Dutt, and recently wrote a love story about them titled Together Forever.

His fame, however, was cemented when he was credited for pioneering the West Indian movie industry where he wrote, produced and directed landmark films including The Right And The Wrong, Girl From India, Caribbean Fox and Rainbow Raani in 2006, about a “rainbow society” where black, brown, white and yellow-skinned people coexist.

He moved to New York in 1977 with his West Indian wife Chand.

He met an old German-Jewish lady, Lotte Nivelli, who thought the spirit of her son the Nazis had murdered during World War II radiated from him.

She became Harbhajan’s adopted mother and, touched by the Nivelli family’s tragedy, he decided to relinquish Harbance Kumar, the Bollywood name which had made him famous, and took on Lotte’s son’s name, Mickey Nivelli.

Lotte’s husband was also murdered by the Nazis and her eternal love for him became the title of another book, Echoes Of Love From Heavens Above.

Mr Nivelli never forgot his school friend Mr Bliss, who had saved his family and he conducted a lengthy and costly search. 

“I am 74, but before I die, I want to meet him or his children and kneel down in gratitude for saving us from becoming rotting corpses on those streets,” he said in his search message.

Four months ago, Mr Bliss’ son Martin phoned him, saying “dad, I’ve had a peculiar phone call, what’s it about?”

British researchers Julie and Lee Childs had tracked down Mr Bliss to New Zealand and contacted Martin.

Mr Nivelli, who was offering a US$5000 reward, was receiving crank messages from people trying to make money from his anxiety in searching for Mr Bliss.

However, Mr Bliss’ accurate recollection of opening the gate for the Singh family, and a distinctive middle name, along with a schoolboy picture sent to Mr Nivelli, confirmed he was the old schoolmate.

Mr Nivelli emailed Martin Bliss saying: “Please tell your dad my main mission in life is to touch his feet and lay before him for saving the lives of my entire family.”

Tony Bliss replied: “Yes, I’m your long-lost friend. But there’s no need to touch my feet or lie before me.

“The sight of you running down the street, screaming for help has stayed with me all of my life. What else could I do? Stay there in safety and watch you run down and caught, or open the gate.”

Mr Nivelli responded with a plea for Mr Bliss and his partner Annette Brown to go to the United States as his guests.

The down-to-earth engineer replied: “I’d very much like to meet you again to shake you by the hand and give you a big man hug, which I hope would satisfy your desire to lie at my feet. That would seriously embarrass me.”

Mr Bliss and Ms Brown will soon spend a month with Mr and Mrs Nivelli in New York and will stopover in San Francisco to visit Mr Nivelli’s eldest sister, Manjit, who remembers the Bliss family.

Mr Nivelli says: “We’re all waiting to welcome you and Annette in the manner you deserve to be welcomed, a veritable hero, who in 1947 saved the lives of us nine innocent people fleeing the murderous rampage of religious fanatics.

“Please don’t underestimate your role in our lives, because I definitely do not. I’ve searched for you for 65 years to thank you.”

Partition of India

THE partition of British India in August 1947 was made on the basis of religious demographics.

It led to the creation of the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh) and Union of India (later the Republic of India).

The violent event resulted in the dissolution of the Indian Empire and the end of the British Raj. It resulted in a struggle between the new states of India and Pakistan and displaced up to 12.5 million people in the former British Indian Empire, with estimates of loss of life varying from several hundred thousand to a million.

Most estimates of the numbers of people who crossed the borders between India and Pakistan in 1947 range between 10 and 12 million.

 
 

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